Bangkok Shipowners and Agents Association

Bangkok Shipowners and Agents Association
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Zim offers west coast Central America feeder loop for Asian cargo PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 06 August 2013 19:54
Shpg Gazette 5/8/13

ISRAELI flag carrier Zim will extend its service coverage with a new service, Balboa Central America Express (BCA), connecting ports in the west coast of Central America with its global Zim Container Service Pacific (ZCP), via the port of Balboa in Panama.

The new service will operate two vessels on a weekly basis with the following rotation: Balboa (Panama), Acajutla (El Salvador), Puerto Quetzal (Guatemala), Lazaro Cardenas (Mexico), Puerto Quetzal, Acajutla and back to Balboa.

BCA Express offers an excellent, fast connection between Asian ports covered by ZCP and the ports in this growing region. The service allows frequent and reliable access to the ports of Puerto Quetzal in Guatemala and Acajutla in El Salvador, with one transshipment in Balboa, offering one of the best transit times in the market. The connection to Zim's main ZCP service enables further links through Zim's global network, covering all major trade routes.

The first vessel to load from Asia is the 4,900-TEU Zim Shenzhen, sailing from Ningbo August 21, to Shanghai August 22, Busan August 24 and arriving at Balboa on September 13, Acajutla September 18 and Quetzal September 19. 

Indian subcontinent-Mideast exports grow but Asia volumes fall 20.8pc PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 06 August 2013 19:53
Shpg Gazette 5/8/13

CONTAINERISED exports from the Indian subcontinent and the Middle East to leading trade partner Far East Asia fell 20.8 per cent in May 2013 to 177,900 TEU, compared to the same month a year earlier, marking the biggest decline recorded in all regions worldwide.

In the first five months of the year, total exports in this trade lane have plummeted 24.4 per cent year on year to 975,400 TEU. Freight rates in this market declined two points to 105 in May, reports Container Trades Statistics (CTS).

The result shows the gap has narrowed between the region's top trading partner and the number two spot, with exports from the Indian subcontinent and the Middle East to Europe up 3.7 per cent in May to 176,800 TEU. From January to May exports rose 4.7 per cent year on year to 914,700 TEU. The CTS index of rates in this trade lane dropped four points to 81 in May.

The trade lane that recorded the highest growth in containerised exports in May was from the Indian subcontinent and the Middle East to sub-Saharan Africa, with volume up 10.3 per cent against the same month a year earlier to 75,800 TEU. Year-to-date, exports in this trade rose three per cent year on year to 372,100 TEU. The CTS rate index slid four points to 79.

Containerised trade from the Indian sub-continent and the Middle East to Australasia/Oceania was up by 10 per cent in May to 6,700 TEU. January-May exports increased by 7.4 per cent year on year to 34,700 TEU. The CTS index for this trade lane fell 11 points to 106 in May.

Containerised trade from the Indian subcontinent and the Middle East to North America in May increased by 5.5 per cent over May 2012 to total 85,000 TEU. During the first five months of the year, exports in this trade lane increased 3.2 per cent to 410,100 TEU. The CTS price index slipped from 108 in April to 107 in May.

The Indian subcontinent and the Middle East exported 23,900 TEU to South and Central America in May, an increase of 7.2 per cent year on year. From January-May exports in this trade lane rose eight per cent over the same period last year to 116,000 TEU. Rates dropped by three points to 84 in May.

Asian ports under pressure PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 06 August 2013 19:52
Lloyds 2/8/13

Asian ports will need to upgrade to handle trade growth in China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, amid high hopes that this trade region will spearhead future global growth 

Ports on the intra-Asia trade route face pressure to increase their maximum carrying capacity from 2015, when China-Asean trade is expected to skyrocket as a full free trade agreement comes into effect.

Trade between China and Asean nations — Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar and Cambodia — should reach $500bn by 2015, a jump of 25% from $400bn in 2012, according to China’s Ministry of Commerce.

Port calls between China and other countries in the intra-Asia trade spiked after the free trade agreement was signed in 2010, with an annual increase of 30%. Growth has continued, with 2012 figures showing a 20% increase in port calls year on year.

In that period, port calls increased between the Asean-5 — Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand — and other countries in the intra-Asia trade route by 4% until 2012 when they increased 8%.

Export volume growth is forecast by the International Monetary Fund to double for China from 5.7% last year to 11.5% in 2018 — and to triple for the Asean-5 from 2.8% last year to 8.3% in 2018.

With this forecast volume growth, pressure will be put on ports to handle larger vessels and on liner operators to upgrade container vessels in this trade.

The maximum carrying capacity of the top Chinese and Asean ports for the intra-Asia trade to date is 5,100 teu.

If larger vessels do not cascade onto this trade, the frequency of services will need to increase. A higher frequency of vessels calling will create congestion and thus longer wait times for shippers.

The maximum carrying capacity for many smaller ports in this region is low, according to Lloyd’s List Intelligence data.

The largest vessel received at the port of Surabaya, Indonesia has a nominal teu capacity of 3,500 — 46% smaller than the largest vessel size on the intra-Asia trade of 5,100 teu — due to limitations on wharf size.

Wharf depth at PT Terminal Perikemas Surabaya is 10.5 m and most boxships larger than 3,500 teu have draughts larger than 10 m.

Surabaya is the fifth-busiest port in the Asean region for intra-Asian trade, behind Singapore, Laem Chabang in Thailand, Jakarta in Indonesia and Port Klang in Malaysia.

However, most top ports for intra-Asia trade will be able to handle larger vessels.

Hong Kong, Shanghai, Qianwan in Shandong, Xiamen in Anhui and Port Klang can handle larger ships, and the largest vessel reported to have called at these ports this year carried 16,000 nominal teu.

Singapore and Xingang in Tianjin have handled ships of 15,000 teu and of 14,000 teu, and Laem Chabang can handle ships up to 8,000 teu.

Jakarta may have problems in future if larger vessels cascade there, as the largest vessel calling in 2012 was 5,000 teu. The maximum berth width at Jakarta’s International Container Terminal is 34.9 m and vessels that hold more than 5,000 teu tend to have a beam larger than 40 m.

Since 2008, Jakarta has doubled the maximum size of vessels used on this trade, from 2,000 teu to 5,000 teu in 2012.

Indonesian Port Corp has invested $250m in improving the country’s ports over the past few years.

However, more investment will be needed across Asian ports to take full advantage of gains from trade in this region. Port infrastructure is lagging behind trade demand and there is political and economic stability in several Asean countries.

That said, although economic growth has been relatively strong in the Asean region, there are still large disparities between and within countries.

Many Asean countries have an ageing population and a high proportion of low-skilled rural labour, and are expecting to face shortages both of energy and of food distribution.

Making the most out of this region and steering away from economic uncertainty needs to be a priority for these countries if future trade growth is to become a reality.

Defining the boundaries

The intra-Asia trade examined in this article focuses on sailings between countries within Southeast and northeast Asia: China, Japan, Korea, Brunei, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.


During 2012, trade within the Asean region accounted for 1% of global trade, according to the World Trade Organization 2013 trade report.

In 2010, 25% of Asean merchandise exports went to intra-regional markets.

China-Asean trade growth strengthened from 2010 when an initial six countries — Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand — agreed a free trade area and tariff reductions.

Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar and Cambodia will join that agreement in 2015.

ท่าเรือ"ปากบารา"ติดหล่มEHIA กรมเจ้าท่าลดขนาดเหลือ4พันไร่ PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 06 August 2013 19:50
โปรเจ็กต์ท่าเรือน้ำลึกปากบารายังไปไม่ถึงไหน ล่าสุด สผ.สั่งให้ทำ EHIA ระยะที่ 1 มูลค่ากว่า 1.1 หมื่นล้านบาท ใช้เวลา 2 ปี รอลุ้นงบฯ 2 ล้านล้านคมนาคม เตรียมรายงานภาพรวมเสนอ ครม.

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